Topic list

Medical Biology (AOKOGEN462_1A) for Students of Medicine
2018/19 Academic year - 1st semester



Thursday, 11:00 - 12:30

Green Lecture Hall (NET building)



Friday 1140-1310

Labs: L13, 14, 15, 16 (NET building)

1st week

13 of September

The origin of life. Cellular organisation
Cell membrane: structure and function

1st week

 10 – 14 of September

The light microscope (LM) in use
ppt   doc

2nd week

20 of September

Nucleus I.
ppt   doc   doc   doc

2nd week

17 – 21 of September

Light microscopic (LM) microtechnique
ppt   doc

3rd week

27 of September

Nucleus II.

3rd week

24 – 28 of September

The electron microscope (EM). Electron microscopic microtechnique
ppt   doc

4th week

4 of October

Endomembrane system I.

4th week

1  – 5 of October

Cell nucleus. Cyto(histo)chemistry.
ppt   doc

5th week

11 of October

Endomembrane system II.

5th week

8 – 13 of October

Endoplasmic reticulum. 

6th week

18 of October

Structure and function of mitochondria and peroxisomes

6th week

15 – 18 of October

Golgi complex. Forms of classical and alternative secretion.

7th week

25 of October

Cytoskeleton, cell adhesion and cellular movement.

7th week

22 – 26 of October

ppt   doc

8th week

1 of November

National Holiday

8th week

29 -31 of October


Enzyme histochemistry.

9th week

8 of November

Midterm (written)
11:00-11:45 Group 1-8
11:45-12:30 Group 9-15
doc   Schedule: doc

9th weeek

5 – 10 of November

Store and supply of energy 

10th week

15 of November

Cell-cell communication. Secretion of extracellular vesicules. Trogocytosis
ppt   video

10th week

12 – 16 of November

Cell surface differentiation

11th week

22 of November

Cell cycle. Asymmetric cell division

11th week

19 – 23 of November

Cell divisions

12th week

29 of November

Cellular aging. Cell death
(apoptosis, necrosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis)

12th week

26 -30 of November

Cell and tissue culturing. Model cells in medicine. Stem cells. Differentiation
ppt   doc

13th week

6 of December

Stem cell biology.
Tumor biology

13th week

3– 7 of December

Forms of cell death


14th week

13 of December

Phylogeny. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Organism as an ecosystem. The microbiom

14th week

10 – 14 of December



Course information

General information

Prerequisite subject: -
Credits: 3
Attendance: 75% of the lessons and practices
Exam: written test in the exam period. 


Medical Biology is a one semester subject for students of Medicine. Claims for exemptions are only considered if handed to Dr. Orsolya Láng (tutor) not later than the 21st of September.

Medical Biology has theoretical (lecture) and laboratory (practice) parts.

Lectures are given by Department of Genetics, Cell- and Immunobiology (DGCI) in Green Lecture Hall (NET Building, Nagyvárad tér 4 Budapest) at Thursday, 11:00 – 12.30. For detailed schedule please visit the Topic list at the homepage. Students must attend 75% of lectures, may have not more than four absences. The attendance of students occasionally (randomly) will be checked on the lectures given by DGCI.

Practices are weekly given by DGCI in Labs 13-16 (NET Building).
Practices are obligatory. More than three absences of ANY REASON during a semester invalidate the semester. In the case of an acute illness students may attend other practices with the permission of the tutor. A notebook for notes and drawings, and coloured pencils are needed in practices.

Remember the exact time of lectures and practices, don't be late for them. Being late from practice is considered as an absence.

The slides, microscopes and other belongings in the Labs (Practice Rooms) should be handled with care. Any disappearance or harm in them should be paid by the groups working in the same room.

In the first semester you have one written midterm exams: on the 9th week lecture. Both practice and theory knowledge is tested on midterm. No opportunity for extra date or for retake and for correction.

In the examination period you have to take a final exam. You are allowed to take the exam if you have got the signature of the subject. Requirement of signature: not more than 3 absences from the practices that is verified by the practice teacher and not more than 4 absences from the lectures.

During the semester extra scores can be collected (maximum 5) on the lectures if you answer correctly the short questions at the end of the lecture (written). The extra scores may influences (may increase) the final grade (see below).

Examination info

Final exam (Medical Biology) consists of a written test (multiple choice, essays, drawings, etc. covering both practical and theoretical parts of the subject). The exam grade will be calculated as sum of midterm grade (35) and written test grade (65) and extra scores (5). For passing (Grade 2-5) you have to reach more than 50 % of both the exam scores (32) and total scores (50).
In the third exam extra and midterm scores are not counted.

Online registration for the exam is in the second part of November when the exam days will be published. Signing up and modification of the exam days can be arranged exclusively online by the students’ registration system (NEPTUN). If you want to change your exam day, first you have to cancel your earlier sign up. Please consider the registration deadlines (two workdays) for the exams. The time, the place and number of students may change after your registration, so check these parameters before the exam.
Students have three chances to take the exam. Those who have two failed exams have to obtain a "retake ticket" at the English Secretariat. Failed exam can be repeated after 3 days with new registration. In the examination period there are voluntary consultations.

On the homepage of the Department ( information can be found: eg. slides of lectures, practices, summary of topics not found in the book, description of cytological methods, detailed topic list for midterms and exam.


Head of Department: Prof. Dr. Edit Buzás -- room 717 (7th floor, NET building)

Tutor: Dr. Orsolya Láng - room 719 (7th floor, NET building)


Needed textbook:
Alberts et al.: Essential Cell Biology. Garland Science/Taylor & Francis Group Publ. 2013. (4th edition, ISBN: 9780815344544)

Recommended textbooks:
Alberts et al.: Molecular Biology of the Cell. Garland Science/Taylor & Francis Group Publ.  (4th ot 5th edition)

Books are available at Medicina Könyvesbolt, Address: 1091 Budapest, Üllői út 91/A. 
Phone: 215-3786, 215-9618, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.       




Exam info: doc

Exam topic list: doc






Biology I./ Medical biology consultations (in the NET building) – 2nd semester of 2018/19


18 December (Tuesday) 13:30 L14
2 January (Wednesday) 10.00 L13-14
7 January (Monday) 11.00 L14
14 January (Monday) 11.00 L14
21 January (Monday) 11.00 L114
28 January (Monday) 11.00 L14


The consultation lasts for maximum 90 minutes. If there are no students present at the beginning of the consultation, it will be cancelled.




The user name and password are published in the NEPTUN.

Deputy Chairman:
Dr. SZALAI, Csaba
+36 1 210 2930 / 56236

Course coordinators:
Cell Science / Biology:

Dr. LÁNG, Orsolya
+36 1 210 2930 / 56251

Dr. HOLUB, Marianna
+36 1 210 2930 / 56234

Genetics and Genomics:
Dr. HEGYESI, Hargita
+36 1 210 2930 / 56326

Academic (Neptun) administration:
+36 1 210 2950
+36 1 210 2930 / 56253

Office hours of course coordinators >>>

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